This work deals with limit cycles of real planar analytic vector fields. It is well known that given any limit cycle Γ of an analytic vector field it always exists a real analytic function f0 (x, y), defined in a neighborhood of Γ, and such that Γ is contained in its zero level set. In this work we introduce the notion of f0 (x, y) being an m-solution, which is a merely analytic concept. Our main result is that a limit cycle Γ is of multiplicity m if and only if f0 (x, y) is an m-solution of the vector field. We apply it to study in some examples the stability and the bifurcation of periodic orbits from some non-hyperbolic limit cycles. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Journal of Differential Equations|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 2007|
- Invariant algebraic curve
- Multiple limit cycle
- Planar vector field