© 2014 American Physical Society. We report an intriguing transition from the quantum spin Hall phase to the spin Hall effect upon segregation of thallium adatoms adsorbed onto a graphene surface. Landauer-Büttiker and Kubo-Greenwood simulations are used to access both edge and bulk transport physics in disordered thallium-functionalized graphene systems of realistic sizes. Our findings not only quantify the detrimental effects of adatom clustering in the formation of the topological state, but also provide evidence for the emergence of spin accumulation at opposite sample edges driven by spin-dependent scattering induced by thallium islands, which eventually results in a minimum bulk conductivity ∼4e2/h, insensitive to localization effects.
|Journal||Physical review letters|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Dec 2014|