Multifunctional system based on hybrid nanostructured rod formation, for sensoremoval applications of Pb2+ as a model toxic metal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A new and simple multifunctional system based on hybrid calcite-poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) nanostructured rod (NR) formation, which shows as a proof-of-concept the sensing and removal (sensoremoval concept) of Pb 2+ as a model toxic metal for environmental applications, has been developed. The addition of Na2CaEDTA and Na2CO3 solutions to Pb2+ contaminated water leads to the crystallization of calcite-PEI NRs. These NRs are composed of self-assembled hexagonal plate-like shapes of around 450 nm. The formed calcite-PEI NRs in suspension permit Pb 2+ detection, through a simple turbidimetric measurement, and at the same time act as a Pb2+ remover. This sensing and removal system is able to detect up to 1 ppm Pb2+ (1-1000 ppm linear range) and reaches an adsorption capacity of 240 mg Pb2+ per g of NRs, as evaluated using a 342 ppm initial Pb2+ concentration at pH 4 after 30 min incubation time. The maximum Pb2+ removal capacity reported here is higher than other capacities reported previously, using materials that are not as cheap and biodegradable as calcite. The Pb2+ detection range found for this system is suitable to evaluate levels of metal contamination from industrial wastewater of around 1-100 ppm. This system based on an advanced biodegradable material constitutes a useful tool as a proof-of-concept in the design of future multifunctional platforms for the development of integrated environmental technologies with sensing and remediation functions. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13532-13541
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'Multifunctional system based on hybrid nanostructured rod formation, for sensoremoval applications of Pb<sup>2+</sup> as a model toxic metal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this