We performed a study to evaluate the variability and adequacy of prescribing antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in 10 Spanish hospitals. We studied 452 patients with CAP. Initial empirical administration of antibiotics was prescribed in 90.7% of the cases, 82.5% as monotherapy. Macrolides and third and second generation cephalosporins were the most widely used groups of antibiotics. Penicillin and amoxicillin were only prescribed in 1.7% of the patients. A significant variability between hospitals was observed. Reference patterns for the use of antibiotics in CAP were devised by a panel of experts. According to the recommendations of this panel, 29% of the total prescriptions were not adequate, with this percentage reaching 65% in outpatients older than 65 years or with comorbidity. This was mainly due to the fact that monotherapy with erythromycin, which was considered inadequate, was the most widely prescribed treatment.
|Translated title of the contribution||Multicenter study of the variability and adequacy of antimicrobial therapy for community-acquired pneumonia in adults|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|