Multi-level driving forces of biological invasions

Beatriz Rodríguez-Labajos, Rosa Binimelis, Iliana Monterroso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Biological invasions are human-induced processes affecting biodiversity. Information on biological invasions can be organized following the categories of the DPSIR model. This paper examines the state of the art in the application of this model to the study and management of biological invasions. The paper focuses on driving forces and pressures, clarifying the different levels at which drivers operate and promote invasion processes. Identifying driving forces is necessary not only to understand the processes behind biological invasions but also to generate policy initiatives that address threats to biodiversity at different levels of governance. Thus driving forces and pressures on biological invasions are identified taking into account the multi-level character of such processes. The final section reviews the role that different stakeholders play in biological invasion management and finally elaborates a list of indicators derived from the analysis that can be used in decision making concerning invasion processes. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-75
JournalEcological Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2009


  • Biological invasions
  • DPSIR framework
  • Driving forces
  • Multi-level governance
  • Pressures
  • Reflexivity
  • Risks to biodiversity


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