Morphological and functional alterations induced in trout intestine by dietary cadmium and lead

S. Crespo, G. Nonnotte, D. A. Colin, C. Leray, L. Nonnotte, A. Aubree

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Effects of oral administration of lead and cadmium on structure and function of trout intestine were investigated in Salmo gairdneri. Fish were fed either cadmium (5 mg kg*1 fish per day) or lead (10 mg kg−1 fish p er day) and sacrificed after a 15 or 30 day treatment. Levels of cadmium and lead in kidney, liver and spleen were significantly increased by the 15th day of treatment. Following both cadmium and lead treatment, morphological observations showed an increased mucous cell activity, a disruption of intestinal brush border and an increased renewal rate of absorptive cells. Influx (Jms), outflux (Jsm) of chlorine and sodium ion and net fluxes were measured on perfused intestinal segments and ouabain‐sensitive sodium, potassium‐ATPase (Na, K‐ATPase) activity was determined on intestinal scrapings. Cadmium did not alter either sodium chlorine transepithelial fluxes or sodium, potassium‐ATPase activity, but lead did. In the middle intestine, lead modified significantly transepithelial sodium and chlorine fluxes (Jms Na: 3.21 ± 0.34 to 1.79 ± 0.29 and Jms Cl: 3.32 ± 0.34 to 1.86 ± 0.22μmol h−1 cm−2, n = 6) after 30‐day diet. Jnet remain unchanged and Na, K‐ATPase activity decreased. In the posterior intestine, lead altered only Jms Na (1.95 ± 0.31 to 0.37 ± 0.09μmol h−1 cm−2) and Jms Cl. Consequently Jnes were also decreased. So, although both cadmium and lead induce morphological disorders in the middle and in the posterior intestine of the trout, they have different effects on the absorption mechanisms of ions. Copyright © 1986, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-80
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1986


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