SummaryThe aim of this study was to provide a more comprehensive understanding of 1PN intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) zygotes. To achieve this objective, we assessed whether all 1PN-derived embryos showed a similar morphokinetic pattern, and if the morphokinetic behaviour of 1PN-derived embryos was comparable with that of 2PN-derived embryos. In total, 149 1PN ICSI zygotes (study group) and 195 2PN ICSI zygotes (control group) were included in the study. Embryo development potential was evaluated in terms of blastocyst rate. Morphokinetic parameters, including the pronucleus diameter and kinetics of in vitro development, were also analyzed. Embryos derived from 1PN ICSI zygotes showed impaired development compared with 2PN-derived embryos, with blastocyst rates of 28.9% and 67.2%, respectively. The diameter of the pronucleus of 1PN zygotes was larger than that of 2PN zygotes. When compared with 2PN-derived embryos, those derived from 1PN zygotes had a visible pronucleus for a shorter time, in addition to a longer syngamy time and slower kinetic behaviour from two to nine cells. When 1PN-derived blastocysts and 2PN-derived blastocysts were compared, the developmental kinetics were similar in both groups, except for a delayed and longer duration of the compaction phase in 1PN-derived embryos. In conclusion, monopronucleated ICSI zygotes present differences in developmental capacity and morphokinetic behaviour compared with 2PN ICSI zygotes, showing particular morphokinetic parameters related to pronucleus formation. Only the 1PN ICSI-derived embryos that reached the blastocyst stage have similar morphokinetic development to blastocysts from 2PN zygotes.
- 1PN zygotes
- Monopronucleated zygotes