Monolithic Single PMUT-on-CMOS Ultrasound System with +17 dB SNR for Imaging Applications

Iván Zamora, Eyglis Ledesma, Arantxa Uranga, Núria Barniol*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a fully integrated ultrasound system based on a single piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (PMUT) monolithically fabricated with a 0.13~μ m complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process analog front-end circuitry. The PMUT consists of an aluminum nitride, AlN, squared device with 80~μ m side that resonates at 2.4 MHz in liquid environment. The monolithic integration of the PMUT with the CMOS circuitry allows a reduction of the parasitic capacitance, a reduction of the electronic noise contribution and a clear improvement in the Signal-to Noise ratio (SNR 27 dB better) compared to a non-integrated equivalent system. A pulse-echo experiment with the single PMUT-on-CMOS for transmitting and sensing simultaneously is demonstrated, ensuring a 17.3 dB SNR, higher than the minimal necessary for accurate fingerprint images, paving the way towards a pixel sized imaging system with no need of multiple simultaneous PMUTs transmitters. Consuming only 0.3 mW and getting an input-referred noise of 3.26 mPa/√ Hz at 2.4 MHz, the proposed pulse-echo system achieves a competitive noise efficient factor in comparison with the state-of-the-art.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number9154376
Pages (from-to)142785-142794
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • AlN
  • CMOS
  • piezoelectric on CMOS
  • piezoelectrical resonator
  • PMUT
  • PMUT-on-CMOS
  • ultrasound
  • ultrasound transducers


Dive into the research topics of 'Monolithic Single PMUT-on-CMOS Ultrasound System with +17 dB SNR for Imaging Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this