The characterisation of monoamine oxidase activities in lymphocytes and granulocytes was studied using cells prepared from pig blood. The specific activities against β-phenylethylamine, benzylamine, tyramine and 5-hydroxytryptamine as substrates in granulocytes (G) were approximately twice those found in lymphocytes (L). The absence of the semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) was confirmed by insensitivity of the latter to semicarbazide as inhibitor with benzylamine as substrate. MAO activity present in (G) and (L) was selectively inhibited by low deprenyl concentrations; this fact, in addition to the simple sigmoid inhibition curves obtained with increasing concentrations of clorgyline with tyramine as substrate, suggests that the MAO activity present both in (G) and (L) is predominantly of the MAO-B form. The absence of any contamination with plasma amine oxidase (EC 184.108.40.206) was confirmed by the fact that activity towards benzylamine (Bz) was insensitive to KCN-induced inhibition. Kinetic constants were determined for each fraction towards β-phenylethylamine (PEA) and Bz as substrates. MAO-B was titrated with unlabelled pargyline, deprenyl and [3H]-pargyline; the corresponding Kcat values, turnover number and the active concentrations were then determined. The molecular weight of MAO-B present in both cellular fractions was calculated by SDS-electrophoresis and fluorography, after reaction with [3H]-pargyline. Some of these results are compared with those obtained with human blood leucocytes. © 1987.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 1987|