We have previously demonstrated a strong association between K-ras gene mutations, as determined by PCR followed by allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization (ASO-h), and survival in non-small cell lung cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between tumor aggressiveness and specific-type K-ras point mutations in non-small cell lung cancer. We developed procedures to examine the status of the K-ras gene by ASO-h and by single-strand conformation polymorphism assay of DNA obtained from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumors. K-ras point mutations at codons 12 and 61 were assessed in 275 consecutively treated stage I-IV non-small cell lung cancers. Among patients with stage I disease, median survival time was 41.5 months in those whose tumors had no evidence of K-ras mutations and 27 months in those with K-ras 12 mutations; among patients with stage IIIA disease, median survival time was 7 months in those with K-ras codon 12 aspartic and serine mutations and 15 months for those with other K-ras mutations (P = 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, specific-type K-ras codon 12 point mutation remained a strong predictive factor (hazard ratio for death, 2.06; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-3.81; P = 0.02) after adjustment for other evaluated factors, including TNM stage and histology. Thus, we concluded that in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, specific K-ras 12 point mutations detected by DNA amplification and either ASO-h or single- strand conformation polymorphism methods predicted a significantly increased risk of recurrence and death, independently of stage and histology.
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1996|