Molecular interaction and cellular location of reca and chew proteins in Salmonella enterica during SOS response and their implication in swarming

Oihane Irazoki, Jesús Aranda, Timo Zimmermann, Susana Campoy, Jordi Barbé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Irazoki, Aranda, Zimmermann, Campoy and Barbé. In addition to its role in DNA damage repair and recombination, the RecA protein, through its interaction with CheW, is involved in swarming motility, a form of flagella-dependent movement across surfaces. In order to better understand how SOS response modulates swarming, in this work the location of RecA and CheW proteins within the swarming cells has been studied by using super-resolution microscopy. Further, and after in silico docking studies, the specific RecA and CheW regions associated with the RecA-CheW interaction have also been confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis and immunoprecipitation techniques. Our results point out that the CheW distribution changes, from the cell poles to foci distributed in a helical pattern along the cell axis when SOS response is activated or RecA protein is overexpressed. In this situation, the CheW presents the same subcellular location as that of RecA, pointing out that the previously described RecA storage structures may be modulators of swarming motility. Data reported herein not only confirmed that the RecA-CheW pair is essential for swarming motility but it is directly involved in the CheW distribution change associated to SOS response activation. A model explaining not only the mechanism by which DNA damage modulates swarming but also how both the lack and the excess of RecA protein impair this motility is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1560
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • 3D-STED
  • Chemoreceptor polar arrays
  • Chemosensory cluster assembly
  • CheW
  • RecA
  • SOS response
  • Swarming

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