Molecular dynamics simulations in water solution were performed on six large-ring cyclodextrins (LR-CDs) with a degree of polymerization 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, and 29. The AMBER parm99 force field and explicit water molecules (TIP3P) were used in the simulations. The present research was aimed at further extending our knowledge on the structural dynamics and the energetics of this new class of compounds that may eventually provide chiral cavities suitable for formation of inclusion complexes with small molecules, and, accordingly, to serve as host structures for chiral recognition. The study focused on several representatives flanking CD26-the largest LR-CD for which X-ray data is available. Both the monitoring of the structural variations during the simulations as well as the analyses of energy balances are indicative for high flexibility of the macrorings. Slight differences of the overall preferred shapes were detected with diminishing the size of the macromolecules from CD29 to CD24. An elongated cavity (CD28) or a double parallel strand in different specific representations are the dominating motifs in the LR-CDs studied: with loops at the two ends (CD25, CD28, CD29), with a loop at one end (CD25), twisted (CD26, CD27) or twisted with an open portion in the middle (CD24), helical (CD24, CD25), or linking two loops from one of their sides (CD27). Two loops connected by an arc (CD28, CD29) and a cavity with the shape of an extended rectangular (CD24, CD28) appear preferentially during the conformational interconversions of the two larger CDs, whereas helical motifs are present in the smaller macrorings: an extended helix with ends linked by an arc (CD24), helical turn and helical portion (CD26, CD27). A triple propeller conformation or three symmetrical loops of almost equal size were also detected for CD26 and CD29, respectively. The present results further support the hypothesis for the existence of more than one cavity in large-ring cyclodextrins and suggest preferred conformations in water solution for the LR-CDs with degree of polymerization from 24 to 29. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2007|
- Conformational analysis
- Macroring shapes
- Molecular dynamics