The Saccharomyces cerevisiae open reading frame YFR003c encodes a small (155-amino acid) hydrophilic protein that we identified as a novel, heat-stable inhibitor of type 1 protein phosphatase (Ypi1). Ypi1 interacts physically in vitro with both Glc7 and Ppz1 phosphatase catalytic subunits, as shown by pull-down assays. Ypi1 inhibits Glc7 but appears to be less effective toward Ppz1 phosphatase activity under the conditions tested. Ypi1 contains a 48RHNVRW53 sequence, which resembles the characteristic consensus PP1 phosphatase binding motif. A W53A mutation within this motif abolishes both binding to and inhibition of Glc7 and Ppz1 phosphatases. Deletion of YPI1 is lethal, suggesting a relevant role of the inhibitor in yeast physiology. Cells overexpressing Ypi1 display a number of phenotypes consistent with an inhibitory role of this protein on Glc7, such as decreased glycogen content and an increased growth defect in a slt2/mpk1 mitogen-activated protein kinase-deficient background. Taking together, these results define Ypi1 as the first inhibitory subunit of Glc7 identified in budding yeast.
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Nov 2003|