Amniotic fluid exerts a protective function and is an essential component for foetal development and maturation during pregnancy. However, little is known about the exact physiological functions of foetal fluids in this process as well as their biochemical composition in cats. In the present study, the biochemical composition of amniotic and allantoic fluids and maternal serum in pregnant queens was compared after performing an ovariohysterectomy. Fifteen queens were included in the study and distributed in four different groups, D 30, D 40, D 50 and D 60, according to their gestational age. Foetal fluids showed thoroughly greater concentrations of dissociate and total bilirubin, bile acids and gamma-glutamyl transferase than those of maternal serum, whereas albumin, total protein, alanine-transferase, creatine-kinase, amylase, lipase, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol were significantly lower, as compared to maternal serum. Other parameters like alkaline phosphatase, uric acid, creatinine, and electrolytes showed significant differences at specific stages of pregnancy, when compared to maternal serum. Lactate and cortisol significantly increased at the end of the pregnancy in foetal fluids, when compared with maternal serum. No significant differences between foetal fluids and maternal serum were observed for aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, urea, phosphorus and glucose. According to our results, foetal fluids composition is not a result of simple filtration from maternal blood, the fetus being an active element involved in the production of the same and reflecting organ development and maturation. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Maternal serum