Glutathione (GSH)-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) is a highly conserved medium-chain dehydrogenase reductase and the main enzyme that metabolizes intracellular formaldehyde in eukaryotes. It has been recently shown that it exhibits a strong S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) reductase activity and could be a candidate to regulate NO-signalling functions. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the tissue distribution of this enzyme in plants. Here, we have studied the localization and developmental expression of the enzyme using immunolocalization and histochemical activity assay methods. We conclude that FALDH is differentially expressed in the organs of Arabidopsis thaliana mature plants, with higher levels in roots and leaves from the first stages of development. Spatial distribution of FALDH in these two organs includes the main cell types [epidermis (Ep) and cortex (Cx) in roots, and mesophyll in leaves] and the vascular system. Arabidopsis thaliana mutants with modified levels of FALDH (both by over- and under-expression of the FALDH-encoding gene) show a significant reduction of root length, and this phenotype correlates with an overall decrease of intracellular GSH levels and alteration of spatial distribution of GSH in the root meristem. Transgenic roots are partially insensitive to exogenous GSH, suggesting an inability to detect reduction-oxidation (redox) changes of the GSH pool and/or maintain GSH homeostasis. © 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
|Journal||Plant, Cell and Environment|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2006|
- Arabidopis thaliana
- S-nitrosoglutathione reductase