Modernization of infrastructures and communications as a Spanish legacy: ports, roads, railways, and trams in the 19th century Philippines: Ports, roads, railways, and trams in the 19th century Philippines

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Abstract

When the Spanish empire lost the greater part of its American territories in the early nineteenth century, the Spanish government was forced to reformulate the colonial policies applied in the Philippines, updating and adjusting them constantly throughout the remainder of the century, until they arrived at theprocess of reform and modernization of the last third of the nineteenth century, with its lights and shadows. This volume looks at the successes and failures of thisprocess of transformation of the Spanish administration in the nineteenth centuryPhilippines.In this volume Filipino, Spanish and specialists from other countries collaborateto jointly consider, from innovative perspectives, alternative viewpoints, andrigorous archival sources, the scope and significance of the reforms and the processof modernization undertaken in the Philippines in the last decades of the 19thcentury. The authors address the following issues, divided into thematicsections: Politics; Economics; Development of the State’s technical bodies;Public works and Infrastructure; Education reform and Professional Capacitation;and Demographics and Public Health.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransforming the 19th Century Philippines
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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