### Abstract

Assuming that the Universe is spatially infinite, we depict a simple model where gravitation does not decelerate the expansion, which occurs at constant speed for any two distant galaxies. This Steady Flow model fits the SNe Ia observations without a repulsive dark energy. We review the main problems of Big Bang cosmology and see how they can be solved. Particularly, the singularity and the problem of the cosmic origin could be avoided in our framework. The time evolution of the scale factor (R ∝ t) leaves a longer period for early structure and galaxy formation. However, the expansion time coincides with the Universe age of the standard model. Other features of Big Bang, such as the evolution of temperature with the scale factor and the primordial nucleosynthesis, remain unchanged. © 2009 C. Roy Keys Inc.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 161-178 |

Journal | Apeiron |

Volume | 16 |

Issue number | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 1 Apr 2009 |

### Keywords

- Cosmology
- Early universe
- Primordial nucleosynthesis
- Type ia supernovae

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## Cite this

Giménez, J. C. (2009). Modeling the expansion of the Universe by a steady flow of space-time.

*Apeiron*,*16*(2), 161-178.