Modeling of the changes in bovine milk caused by ultra-high pressure homogenization using front-face fluorescence spectroscopy

Jinfang Liu, Anna Zamora, Manuel Castillo*, Jordi Saldo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-high pressure homogenization (UHPH) has been considered as an effective method to modify/enhance liquid-food properties in many studies. This research provides an alternative approach to monitor, evaluate and control quality changes induced by UHPH processing of milk using front-face fluorescence spectroscopy for potential inline usage. The fluorescence intensity spectra provided structural, functional and nutritional information of milk compounds diversification. Homogenization pressure and inlet temperature were distributed on a central composite design which covered the range of commonly used UHPH treatment conditions for improving milk technological and sensory characteristics as well as microbiological safety. The indicators showed good fit to the response surfaces as functions of pressure and inlet temperature. Tryptophan and dityrosine fluorescence provided information on milk protein changes, such as denaturation and aggregation, and particle size changes also confirmed protein denaturation and aggregation information from the fluorescence results. Generation of Maillard compounds indicated the thermal effects between reducing sugar and amino acids on milk. The retinol concentration, as a nutrient, could be well predicted by principal components summarized from milk sample spectra, without sample preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-97
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018


  • Dityrosine
  • Front-face fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Maillard compounds
  • Retinol
  • Tryptophan
  • Ultra-high pressure homogenization


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