Double strand breaks (DSB) are critical lesions involved in the formation of chromosomal aberrations. In response to DNA damage, the cell has mechanisms of repair and cell-cycle control to maintain the genome integrity in which BRCA1 gene is implicated. In the present study an evaluation of the radio-induced damage in G2 phase of the cell cycle in lymphocytes from BRCA1 heterozygotes is presented. For this purpose Calyculin-A-based premature chromosome condensation (PCC) combined with mitotic arrest has been applied to examine with conventional cytogenetics the damage in G2 and M phase cells, and to evaluate the G2-to-M phase transition. Irradiated peripheral blood lymphocytes from seven heterozygote females (BRCA1+/-) and seven control females (BRCA1+/+) have been analyzed. The mean proportion of G2 cells in BRCA1+/- was significantly higher than in BRCA1+/+, indicating a higher G2 delay after IR exposure in cells from BRCA1+/- females. On the other hand, whereas the mean frequency of chromatid breaks (chtb) in G2 cells was not statistically different between both groups, the mean frequency of chtb in M cells of the BRCA1+/- group was significantly higher than in the BRCA1+/+ one. Moreover, the mean proportion of M cells with aberrations was significantly higher in BRCA1+/- than in BRCA1+/+ suggesting that in spite of the higher G2 delay of BRCA1+/- more damaged cells are able to pass the G2-to-M transition.
- Chromatid breaks
- Premature chromosome condensation
- Radiation-induced DSB