Mitochondrial organization in prepubertal goat oocytes during in vitro maturation and fertilization

Esther Velilla, Elisabet Rodríguez-Gonzalez, Francesca Vidal, Dolors Izquierdo, Maria Teresa Paramio

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31 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to evaluate mitochondrial distribution during in vitro maturation (at 0, 15, 20, and 27 hr of IVM) and fertilization of prepubertal goat oocytes compared to mitochondrial distribution of ovulated and in vitro fertilized oocytes from adult goats. Oocytes from prepubertal goats were recovered from a slaughterhouse and were matured in M199 with hormones and serum for 27 hr. Ovulated oocytes were collected from gonadotrophin-treated Murciana goats. Frozen-thawed spermatozoa were selected by centrifugation in Percoll gradient and were capacitated in DMH with 20% steer serum for 1 hr. Ovulated and IVM-oocytes were inseminated in DMH medium with steer serum and calcium lactate for 20 hr. Oocytes and presumptive zygotes were stained with Mitotraker Green FM and observed under a confocal laser scanning microscope. Ultrastructural morphology of oocytes and presumptive zygotes were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Prepubertal goat oocytes at germinal vesicle stage (GV) presented mitochondria localized in the cortical and perinuclear region. IVM-oocytes at metaphase II presented mitochondria peripheral polarized to the region opposite were the metaphase spindle is positioned and within the polar body. Ovulated oocytes presented peripheral mitochondria distribution and mitochondrial aggregation around the MII spindle. At 20 hr post-insemination, mitochondria were distributed around the two synchronous pronuclei (2PN rpar; in zygotes ovulated oocytes whereas in prepubertal 2PN-zygotes mitochondria presented a peripheral polarized distribution. Images by TEM detected that immature prepubertal goat oocytes that are less electrodense and present fewer cristae than in vitro matured prepubertal goat oocytes; these are characterized by being associated to swollen vesicles. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-626
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006


  • Goat
  • IVF
  • IVM
  • Mitochondria


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