The presence of different sets of mitochondrial polymorphisms generated by the accumulation of mutations in different maternal lineages has allowed differentiating mitochondrial haplogroups in human populations. These polymorphisms, in turn, may have effects at the phenotypic level, considering a possible contribution of these germinal mutations to the development of certain diseases such as cancer. The main goal of the present study is to establish a possible association between mitochondrial haplogroups and the risk of suffering glioma. Blood samples were obtained from 32 patients from Catalonia (Spain) diagnosed with different grades of glioma (II, III and IV), according to the World Health Organization. The mitochondrial genome was amplified and sequenced using MiSeq 2000 (Illumina). The HaploGrep tool implemented in mtDNA-Server v.1.0.5 was used for the identification of mitochondrial haplogroups. Data obtained in the present study was further pooled with data from previous European studies including glioma patients from Galicia (Spain) and Italy. Results for the Catalonian samples showed an association between individuals with haplogroup J and the increased risk of suffering glioma, with a significant increase of the frequency of individuals with this haplogroup (25%) regarding the general population (7%). Combining different sets of patients with European origin, it appears that individuals with haplogroups J and T have a significantly higher risk of suffering glioma (p < 0.001; OR: 2.407 and p = 0.007; OR: 1.82, respectively). This is the first study that establishes an association between different mitochondrial haplogroups and the risk of suffering glioma, highlighting the role of mitochondrial variants in this disease.
- Mitochondrial DNA
- Mitochondrial haplogroups