Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines

Clotilde Théry, Kenneth W. Witwer, Elena Aikawa, Maria Jose Alcaraz, Johnathon D. Anderson, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina, Anna Antoniou, Tanina Arab, Fabienne Archer, Georgia K. Atkin-Smith, D. Craig Ayre, Jean Marie Bach, Daniel Bachurski, Hossein Baharvand, Leonora Balaj, Shawn Baldacchino, Natalie N. Bauer, Amy A. Baxter, Mary Bebawy, Carla BeckhamApolonija Bedina Zavec, Abderrahim Benmoussa, Anna C. Berardi, Paolo Bergese, Ewa Bielska, Cherie Blenkiron, Sylwia Bobis-Wozowicz, Eric Boilard, Wilfrid Boireau, Antonella Bongiovanni, Francesc E. Borràs, Steffi Bosch, Chantal M. Boulanger, Xandra Breakefield, Andrew M. Breglio, Meadhbh Brennan, David R. Brigstock, Alain Brisson, Marike L.D. Broekman, Jacqueline F. Bromberg, Paulina Bryl-Górecka, Shilpa Buch, Amy H. Buck, Dylan Burger, Sara Busatto, Dominik Buschmann, Benedetta Bussolati, Edit I. Buzás, James Bryan Byrd, Giovanni Camussi, David R.F. Carter, Sarah Caruso, Lawrence W. Chamley, Yu Ting Chang, Amrita Datta Chaudhuri, Chihchen Chen, Shuai Chen, Lesley Cheng, Andrew R. Chin, Aled Clayton, Stefano P. Clerici, Alex Cocks, Emanuele Cocucci, Robert J. Coffey, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva, Yvonne Couch, Frank A.W. Coumans, Beth Coyle, Rossella Crescitelli, Miria Ferreira Criado, Crislyn D’Souza-Schorey, Saumya Das, Paola de Candia, Eliezer F. De Santana, Olivier De Wever, Hernando A. del Portillo, Tanguy Demaret, Sarah Deville, Andrew Devitt, Bert Dhondt, Dolores Di Vizio, Lothar C. Dieterich, Vincenza Dolo, Ana Paula Dominguez Rubio, Massimo Dominici, Mauricio R. Dourado, Tom A.P. Driedonks, Filipe V. Duarte, Heather M. Duncan, Ramon M. Eichenberger, Karin Ekström, Samir EL Andaloussi, Celine Elie-Caille, Uta Erdbrügger, Juan M. Falcón-Pérez, Farah Fatima, Jason E. Fish, Miguel Flores-Bellver, András Försönits, Annie Frelet-Barrand

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    3372 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2018, © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles. The last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications describing physiological and pathological functions of extracellular vesicles (EVs), a collective term covering various subtypes of cell-released, membranous structures, called exosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, ectosomes, oncosomes, apoptotic bodies, and many other names. However, specific issues arise when working with these entities, whose size and amount often make them difficult to obtain as relatively pure preparations, and to characterize properly. The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) proposed Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles (“MISEV”) guidelines for the field in 2014. We now update these “MISEV2014” guidelines based on evolution of the collective knowledge in the last four years. An important point to consider is that ascribing a specific function to EVs in general, or to subtypes of EVs, requires reporting of specific information beyond mere description of function in a crude, potentially contaminated, and heterogeneous preparation. For example, claims that exosomes are endowed with exquisite and specific activities remain difficult to support experimentally, given our still limited knowledge of their specific molecular machineries of biogenesis and release, as compared with other biophysically similar EVs. The MISEV2018 guidelines include tables and outlines of suggested protocols and steps to follow to document specific EV-associated functional activities. Finally, a checklist is provided with summaries of key points.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1535750
    JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


    • ectosomes
    • exosomes
    • extracellular vesicles
    • guidelines
    • microparticles
    • microvesicles
    • minimal information requirements
    • reproducibility
    • rigor
    • standardization


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