Mimicking chronic glaucoma over 6 months with a single intracameral injection of dexamethasone/fibronectin-loaded PLGA microspheres

Alba Aragón-Navas, María J. Rodrigo, David Garcia-Herranz, Teresa Martinez, Manuel Subias, Silvia Mendez, Jesús Ruberte, Judit Pampalona, Irene Bravo-Osuna, Julian Garcia-Feijoo, Luis E. Pablo, Elena Garcia-Martin, Rocío Herrero-Vanrell

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2 Citations (Scopus)


To create a chronic glaucoma animal model by a single intracameral injection of biodegradable poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) microspheres (Ms) co-loaded with dexamethasone and fibronectin (MsDexaFibro).

MsDexaFibro were prepared by a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion method including dexamethasone in the organic phase and fibronectin in the inner aqueous phase. To create the chronic glaucoma model, an interventionist and longitudinal animal study was performed using forty-five Long Evans rats (4-week-old). Rats received a single intracameral injection of MsDexafibro suspension (10%w/v) in the right eye. Ophthalmological parameters such as clinical signs, intraocular pressure (IOP), neuro-retinal functionality by electroretinography (ERG), retinal structural analysis by optical coherence tomography (OCT), and histology were evaluated up to six months. According to the results obtained, the model proposed was able to induce IOP increasing in both eyes over the study, higher in the injected eyes up to 6 weeks (p 
In conclusion, a new chronic glaucoma animal model was created by a single injection of MsDexaFibro very similar to open-angle glaucoma occurring in humans. This model would impact in different fields such as ophthalmology, allowing long period of study of this pathology; pharmacology, evaluating the neuroprotective activity of active compounds; and pharmaceutical technology, allowing the correct evaluation of the efficacy of long-term sustained ocular drug delivery systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2357-2374
Number of pages18
JournalDrug Delivery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Glaucoma animal model
  • PLGA microspheres
  • intraocular pressure
  • multiloaded
  • neurodegeneration


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