Middle Palaeolithic technical strategies in the southeastern Pyrenees

Joel Casanova i. Martí, Jorge Martínez Moreno, Rafael Mora Torcal, Ignacio de la Torre

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the lithic reduction systems from Middle Paleolithic levels at Roca dels Bous and Tragó are presented. These two sites are located in the South-eastern Pyrenees in Catalunya (Spain) and yield Mousterian levels which are attributed to MIS 3 and MIS 5. At the two studied sites, there is coexistence between expedient knapping systems and more complex techniques such as the Levallois method. Furthermore, cores are heavily exhausted, showing a pattern that cannot be explained by the absence or scarcity of raw material. This technical pattern can be traced across several Mousterian assemblages in the South-eastern Pyrenees, suggesting technocognitive continuity in the Middle Palaeolithic during the Upper Pleistocene, in which changes in lithic reduction patterns are not evident. In this paper, the implications of such observations are contextualized within the general discussion on the behaviour of the South-eastern Pyrenees Neanderthals. © 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-340
JournalAnthropologie
Volume113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009

Keywords

  • Lithic reduction systems
  • Neanderthals
  • South-eastern Pyrenees
  • Technical behaviour

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