We investigated the clinical implications of allelic deletions at three common sites of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in regions 5q21, 11p15.5, and 11p13 in 86 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed a PCR-based microsatellite polymorphism assay for detection of LOH. The microsatellite markers used were D5S82 (proximal to the APC gene), MCC (within the MCC gene), D11S904 (11p13), H-ras (within the H-ras gene), and D11S860 (11 p 15.5). Of the 68 informative cases at 5q21 loci, LOH was found in 14 cases (20%), whereas LOH frequency in 11p15.5 and 11p13 was 31% (19 of 61 informative cases) and 19% (12 of 63 informative cases), respectively. There was a significant correlation between 5q21 LOH and mediastinal lymph node involvement (P = 0.03). However, no differences were observed in median survival times (26 months in patients with 5q21 LOH versus 37 months in the remainder; P = 0.33) nor in patients with 11p LOH (38 months versus 32 months, respectively; P = 0.72). Cox's proportional hazards model predicted that stage was the only independent poor prognostic marker in the entire cohort of NSCLC patients. Thus, the present study revealed two important abnormalities, LOH at chromosome 5q21 and LOH at chromosome 11p, both implied in NSCLC development.
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1997|