Micrornas as a suitable biomarker to detect the effects of long-term exposures to nanomaterials. Studies on tio2np and mwcnt

Sandra Ballesteros, Gerard Vales, Antonia Velázquez, Susana Pastor, Mohamed Alaraby, Ricard Marcos*, Alba Hernández

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The presence of nanomaterials (NMs) in the environment may represent a serious risk to human health, especially in a scenario of chronic exposure. To evaluate the potential relationship between NM-induced epigenetic alterations and carcinogenesis, the present study analyzed a panel of 33 miRNAs related to the cell transformation process in BEAS-2B cells transformed by TiO2NP and long-term MWCNT exposure. Our battery revealed a large impact on miRNA expression profiling in cells exposed to both NMs. From this analysis, a small set of five miRNAs (miR-23a, miR-25, miR-96, miR-210, and miR-502) were identified as informative biomarkers of the transforming effects induced by NM exposures. The usefulness of this reduced miRNA battery was further vali-dated in other previously generated transformed cell systems by long-term exposure to other NMs (CoNP, ZnONP, MSiNP, and CeO2NP). Interestingly, the five selected miRNAs were consistently overexpressed in all cell lines and NMs tested. These results confirm the suitability of the proposed set of mRNAs to identify the potential transforming ability of NMs. Particular attention should be paid to the epigenome and especially to miRNAs for hazard assessment of NMs, as wells as for the study of the underlying mechanisms of action.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3458
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Carcinogenesis
  • Cell transformation
  • Long-term exposures
  • MicroRNAs
  • MWCNT
  • Nanomaterials
  • Oncogenesis
  • TiO2NP

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