MicroRNA Expression Profiling and DNA Methylation Signature for Deregulated MicroRNA in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Juan Sandoval, Angel Díaz-Lagares, Rocío Salgado, Octavio Servitje, Fina Climent, Pablo L. Ortiz-Romero, Amparo Pérez-Ferriols, Maria P. Garcia-Muret, Teresa Estrach, Mar Garcia, Lara Nonell, Manel Esteller, Ramon M. Pujol, Blanca Espinet, Fernando Gallardo

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 The Society for Investigative Dermatology. MicroRNAs usually regulate gene expression negatively, and aberrant expression has been involved in the development of several types of cancers. Microarray profiling of microRNA expression was performed to define a microRNA signature in a series of mycosis fungoides tumor stage (MFt, n=21) and CD30+ primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (CD30+ cALCL, n=11) samples in comparison with inflammatory dermatoses (ID, n=5). Supervised clustering confirmed a distinctive microRNA profile for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) with respect to ID. A 40 microRNA signature was found in MFt including upregulated onco-microRNAs (miR-146a, miR-142-3p5p, miR-21, miR-181ab, and miR-155) and downregulated tumor-suppressor microRNAs (miR-200ab429 cluster, miR-10b, miR-193b, miR-141200c, and miR-23b27b). Regarding CD30+ cALCL, 39 differentially expressed microRNAs were identified. Particularly, overexpression of miR-155, miR-21, or miR-142-3p5p and downregulation of the miR-141200c clusters were observed. DNA methylation in microRNA gene promoters, as expression regulatory mechanism for deregulated microRNAs, was analyzed using Infinium 450K array and approximately one-third of the differentially expressed microRNAs showed significant DNA methylation differences. Two different microRNA methylation signatures for MFt and CD30+ cALCL were found. Correlation analysis showed an inverse relationship for microRNA promoter methylation and microRNA expression. These results reveal a subgroup-specific epigenetically regulated microRNA signatures for MFt and CD30+ cALCL patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1128-1137
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume135
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2015

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