We report the development of a Si-based micro thermogenerator build from silicon-on-insulator by using standard CMOS processing. Ultrathin single-crystalline Si membranes, 100nm in thickness, with embedded n and p-type doped regions electrically connected in series and thermally in parallel, are active elements of the thermoelectric device that generate thermopower under various thermal gradients. This proof-of-concept device produces an output power density of 4.5μW/cm2, under a temperature difference of 5K, opening the way to envisage integration as wearable thermoelectrics for body energy scavenging. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
- Low-dimensional Si
- Planar thermoelectric generator
- Power output
- Si membrane