Microbiological Progress in Patients with Bronchial Infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa Treated with Nebulised Colistin

Núria Bruguera-Àvila, Ignasi Garcia-Olive, Alicia Marin, Cristina Prat, Alicia Lacoma, Montserrat Gil, Jorge Abad Capa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel. Copyright: All rights reserved. Background: Inhaled antibiotics allow the delivery of higher drug concentrations at the site of infection without the systemic adverse effects observed with the use of parenteral or oral antibiotics. These antibiotics have shown to decrease the number of exacerbations, reduce bacterial load or improve pulmonary function in several chronic respiratory conditions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe changes in the bacteriology of sputum in patients with chronic bronchial infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa treated with nebulised colistin. Material and Methods: All patients with chronical infection with P. aeruginosa treated with nebulised colistin attending a day care unit during a 5-year (January 2010 to December 2014) period were included. Repeated-measures t tests were used to assess whether the introduction of colistin was associated with changes in the number of exacerbations or the length of the hospitalisations. Results: Treatment with colistin was associated with a decrease in the number of ambulatory exacerbations (1.87-1.1, p = 0.007), of hospital exacerbations (1.3-0.7, p = 0.010) and of length of stay (15.7-8.6 days, p = 0.005). There was no linear trend in the proportion of isolate Enterobacteriaceae, gram-positive cocci, Haemophilus influenzae or fungi. Isolation of Enterobacteriaceae within 1 year after the beginning of the treatment with nebulised colistin was associated with an increase in the number of ambulatory exacerbations (incidence rate ratio 1.99, 95% CI 1.05-3.79). Conclusions: Nebulised colistin was effective in the treatment of chronic infection with P. aeruginosa, and no significant changes in the microbiological evolution were observed. Isolation of Enterobacteriaceae within 1 year after the beginning of the treatment with nebulised colistin was associated with an increase in the number of exacerbations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-507
JournalRespiration
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Chronic infection
  • Colistin
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Exacerbation
  • Nebulised antibiotics
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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