Microbe-Dependent Induction of IL-9 by CLA + T Cells in Psoriasis and Relationship with IL-17A

Ester Ruiz-Romeu, Marta Ferran, Carmen de Jesús-Gil, Pablo García, Marc Sagristà, J. M. Casanova, J. M. Fernández, Anca Chiriac, Péter Hóllo, Antonio Celada, Ramon M. Pujol, Luis F. Santamaria-Babí

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 The Authors IL-9 is present in psoriatic lesions and is produced by lymphocytes. However, it is not known whether this cytokine is induced by relevant pathogenic triggers of psoriasis, such as Streptococcus pyogenes. Here we addressed the production of IL-9 in response to various pathogens in a psoriatic ex vivo model. Extracts of S. pyogenes and Candida albicans triggered the production of IL-9 and also IL-17A and IFN-γ. This induction was dependent on the interaction between CLA + T cells and epidermal cells. Neutralization of IL-9 reduced S. pyogenes-induced IL-17A production by CLA + T cells but had no effect on IFN-γ production. Also, IL-9 increased the survival of circulating psoriatic CLA + T cells. Co-cultures from patients with guttate or plaque psoriasis with S. pyogenes produced similar amounts of IL-9. High cytokine responses in streptococcal-driven guttate patients paralleled peaks in Psoriasis Area Severity Index and anti-streptolysin O levels. Our results confirm that IL-9 promotes inflammation in psoriasis by up-regulating IL-17A production and support the clinical association of the immune response by streptococcal-sensitized CLA + T cells with this cytokine, especially in guttate psoriasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-587
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume138
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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