Micro- and macroalbuminuria predict hemorrhagic transformation in acute ischemic stroke

M. Rodríguez-Yáñez, M. Castellanos, M. Blanco, M. Millán, F. Nombela, T. Sobrino, I. Lizasoain, R. Leira, J. Serena, A. Dávalos, J. Castillo

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia seems to be related to the endothelial disruption secondary to the ischemic process. Albuminuria has recently been found to be a marker of chronic endothelial damage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between albuminuria and HT in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We studied 200 patients (51.5% men, age 72.5 ± 8.5 years) with ischemic stroke within the first 24 hours of evolution. HT development was assessed on CT performed between days 4 and 7 of evolution and classified according to the ECASS II criteria. Urinary samples were collected within the first 3 hours after admission and the presence of albuminuria, which was considered to be present when the ratio albumin-to-creatinine was ≥30 mg/g creatinine, was determined by nephelometry within the first 24 hours of evolution. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients (24.5%) had albuminuria and 36 (18%) had HT on the second CT scan. After adjusting for potential confounders including a previous history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and atrial fibrillation, stroke severity, the presence of early signs of ischemia and leukoaraiosis on the baseline CT scan, and IV anticoagulant treatment, logistic regression analysis showed that albuminuria was independently associated with HT (OR, 7.45; 95% CI 2.30 to 24.16). Moreover, albuminuria was also a significant and independent predictor of parenchymal hemorrhage type 1 and 2 (OR, 8.30; 95% CI 1.77 to 38.89). CONCLUSION: Albuminuria is an independent predictor of hemorrhagic transformation, and particularly of the most severe bleedings, in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Due to the small number of events, the predictive capacity of albuminuria should be confirmed in larger studies. ©2006AAN Enterprises, Inc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1172-1177
    JournalNeurology
    Volume67
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2006

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