Methanol-driven enhanced biological phosphorus removal with a syntrophic consortium

Carlota Tayà, Javier Guerrero, Gianni Vanneste, Albert Guisasola, Juan A. Baeza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of suitable carbon sources for enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) plays a key role in phosphorus removal from wastewater in urban WWTP. For wastewaters with low volatile fatty acids (VFAs) content, an external carbon addition is necessary. As methanol is the most commonly external carbon source used for denitrification it could be a priori a promising alternative, but previous attempts to use it for EBPR have failed. This study is the first successful report of methanol utilization as external carbon source for EBPR. Since a direct replacement strategy (i.e., supply of methanol as a sole carbon source to a propionic-fed PAO-enriched sludge) failed, a novel process was designed and implemented successfully: development of a consortium with anaerobic biomass and polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs). Methanol-degrading acetogens were (i) selected against other anaerobic methanol degraders from an anaerobic sludge; (ii) subjected to conventional EBPR conditions (anaerobic+aerobic); and (iii) bioaugmented with PAOs. EBPR with methanol as a sole carbon source was sustained in a mid-term basis with this procedure. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-400
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume110
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Acetogens
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR)
  • Glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs)
  • Methanol
  • Polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs)

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