Background. Podocyte proteins are involved in the pathogenesis of glomerular kidney disease (GKD). However, there is little information on messenger RNA (mRNA) expression patterns of B7-1 and NPHS1 in urinary sediment of patients with GKD. The objective of this study was to analyse the gene expression of B7-1 in urinary sediment and correlate it with the expression of podocyte-specific genes in patients with GKD. Methods. Adult patients with proliferative and non-proliferative GKD, proteinuria and stable renal function, were included. A group of healthy subjects was used to determine normal levels of urinary markers and to obtain reference RNA. Biochemical, clinical and experimental procedures included measurement of creatinine level and total urinary protein, renal biopsy, identification of urinary podocytes, gene expression analysis of B7-1, NPHS1, NPHS2 and SyNPO genes and urinary B7-1 protein analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. Between June 2006 and November 2009, 69 patients with GKD (median age: 46 ± 15 years, 64% men) and 14 healthy subjects (median age: 34 ± 12 years, 43% men) were included. In both groups, urinary mRNA levels of B7-1 and NPHS1 were significantly higher in patients with GKD compared to healthy subjects (P = 0.050 and P = 0.008, respectively). Regarding GKD subtypes, patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), but not patients with minimal change disease (MCD), had a significantly higher mRNA expression of B7-1 and NPHS1 than healthy subjects (P = 0.012 and P = 0.030, respectively). Patients with MCD had a significantly lower NPHS1 mRNA expression than patients with FSGS (P = 0.012). The B7-1:NPHS1 urinary mRNA ratio was significantly higher in patients with MCD compared with patients with FSGS (P = 0.027).Conclusion. mRNA expression analysis of B7-1 and NPHS1 in urinary sediment may be useful to differentiate between different histologic subtypes of GKD, particularly between MCD and FSGS. © 2011 The Author.
|Journal||Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2011|
- gene expression
- glomerular kidney disease