Meiotic and synaptonemal complex studies by light and electron microscopy have been carried out in two infertile males with a balanced 13/14 translocation. As expected, all metaphase I figures in conventional meiotic preparations contained a chain trivalent. Synaptonemal complex studies showed typical trivalent images with incomplete pairing of the acrocentric elements in the cis configuration. A review of the literature shows that the fertility of these patients is quite variable. All of them show a slightly reduced number of chiasmata (mean 46.6). Pairing in cis, as detected by electron microscopic studies, does not seem to have a prognostic value. © 1984 Springer-Verlag.