Meiotic behaviour of evolutionary sex-autosome translocations in Bovidae

Miluse Vozdova, Aurora Ruiz-Herrera, Jonathan Fernandez, Halina Cernohorska, Jan Frohlich, Hana Sebestova, Svatava Kubickova, Jiri Rubes

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15 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. The recurrent occurrence of sex-autosome translocations during mammalian evolution suggests common mechanisms enabling a precise control of meiotic synapsis, recombination and inactivation of sex chromosomes. We used immunofluorescence and FISH to study the meiotic behaviour of sex chromosomes in six species of Bovidae with evolutionary sex-autosome translocations (Tragelaphus strepsiceros, Taurotragus oryx, Tragelaphus imberbis, Tragelaphus spekii, Gazella leptoceros and Nanger dama ruficollis). The autosomal regions of fused sex chromosomes showed normal synapsis with their homologous counterparts. Synapsis in the pseudoautosomal region (PAR) leads to the formation of characteristic bivalent (in T. imberbis and T. spekii with X;BTA13/Y;BTA13), trivalent (in T. strepsiceros and T. oryx with X/Y;BTA13 and G. leptoceros with X;BTA5/Y) and quadrivalent (in N. dama ruficollis with X;BTA5/Y;BTA16) structures at pachynema. However, when compared with other mammals, the number of pachynema lacking MLH1 foci in the PAR was relatively high, especially in T. imberbis and T. spekii, species with both sex chromosomes involved in sex autosome translocations. Meiotic transcriptional inactivation of the sex-autosome translocations assessed by γH2AX staining was restricted to their gonosomal regions. Despite intraspecies differences, the evolutionary fixation of sex-autosome translocations among bovids appears to involve general mechanisms ensuring sex chromosome pairing, synapsis, recombination and inactivation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-338
JournalChromosome Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016


  • Bovidae
  • Histone modification
  • Meiosis
  • Recombination
  • Sex-autosome translocation
  • Sex-chromosome inactivation
  • Synapsis
  • X chromosome
  • Y chromosome


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