The mechanisms associated with structural and mechanical alterations of mesenteric resistance arteries from aged rats were investigated by using pressure myography, confocal microscopy, immunofluorescence, and picrosirius red staining. Arteries from old rats showed: (i) increased wall and media thickness, greater number of smooth muscle cell (SMC) layers but decreased density of SMC; (ii) increased number of adventitial cells; (iii) hypertrophy of nuclei of SMC and endothelial cells; (iv) increased stiffness associated with increased total collagen content and collagen I/III deposition in the media; and (v) similar content but changes in elastin structure in the internal elastic lamina. Hypertrophic outward remodeling in aged rat resistance arteries involve adventitial cells hyperplasia, reorganization of the same number of hypertrophied SMC in more SMC layers leading to thickened media and endothelial cell hypertrophy. Fibrosis associated with collagen deposition and changes in elastin structure might be responsible for the increased stiffness of resistance arteries from aged rats. Copyright 2007 by The Gerontological Society of America.
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2007|