Measures in the first year of therapy predict the response to interferon beta in MS

J. Rio, J. Castillo, A. Rovira, M. Tintore, J. Sastre-Garriga, A. Horga, C. Nos, M. Comabella, X. Aymerich, X. Montalban

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Abstract

Background and objective Several criteria for treatment response to interferon beta (IFN beta) have been proposed, although there is no consensus among different investigators. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical predictors of response during the first 12 months of therapy.Methods This is a prospective and longitudinal study of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients treated with IFN beta. Patients were classified based on the presence of new lesions on MRI, relapses, confirmed disability increase, or combinations of all these variables after 1 year of therapy. Regression analysis was performed in order to identify variables of response after a follow-up of 3 years.Results We included 222 RRMS patients. The logistic model demonstrated that only the combination of new active lesions on MRI with the presence of relapses (OR 4.4; 95% CI 1.6-12.5) or disability progression (Odds Ratio (OR) 7.1; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.6-33.9), or both (OR 6.5; 95% CI 1.9-23.4) achieved significant values to identify those patients with a poor outcome.Conclusions In RRMS patients treated with IFN beta, the combination of measures of disease activity and the presence of new active lesions on MRI may have a prognostic value for identifying patients with disease activity in the second and third year of therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-853
Number of pages6
JournalMultiple Sclerosis
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Mri
  • Disability
  • Interferon
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Relapse
  • Treatment response

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