Meal enjoyment and tolerance in women and men

Hugo Monrroy, Teodora Pribic, Carmen Galan, Adoracion Nieto, Nuria Amigo, Anna Accarino, Xavier Correig, Fernando Azpiroz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019, MDPI AG. All rights reserved. Various conditioning factors influence the sensory response to a meal (inducible factors). We hypothesized that inherent characteristics of the eater (constitutive factors) also play a role. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to determine the role of gender, as an individual constitutive factor, on the meal-related experience. Randomized parallel trial in 10 women and 10 men, comparing the sensations before, during, and after stepwise ingestion of a comfort meal up to full satiation. Comparisons were performed by repeated Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) measures. During stepwise ingestion, satisfaction initially increased up to a peak, and later decreased down to a nadir at the point of full satiation. Interestingly, the amount of food consumed at the well-being peak was lower, and induced significantly less fullness in women than in men. Hence, men required a larger meal load and stronger homeostatic sensations to achieve satisfaction. The same pattern was observed at the level of full satiation: men ate more and still experienced positive well-being, whereas in women, well-being scores dropped below pre-meal level. The effect of gender on the ingestion experience suggests that other constitutive factors of the eater may also influence responses to meals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Hedonic response
  • Homeostatic sensations
  • Meal ingestion
  • Metabolomic response
  • Post-prandial sensations

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    Monrroy, H., Pribic, T., Galan, C., Nieto, A., Amigo, N., Accarino, A., Correig, X., & Azpiroz, F. (2019). Meal enjoyment and tolerance in women and men. Nutrients, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010119