It is suggested that mast cells contribute to cell recruitment in inflammation through the upregulation of endothelial adhesion molecules. P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 are two key adhesion molecules that have been associated indirectly with mast cell activity. The canine C2 mastocytoma cell line and primary cultures of canine carotid endothelial cells were used to establish a new in vitro model to help study the interaction between mast cells and endothelial cells. Carotid endothelial cells were incubated with mast cell mediators to uncover their effect on endothelial ICAM-1 and P-selectin expression. To assess the relative contributions of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and histamine to such effect, an H1 antihistamine and a TNF-α blocking antibody were used. Prior to activation by mast cell mediators, P-selectin was expressed only within the cytoplasm, and ICAM-1 was constitutively expressed on the surface of the canine carotid endothelial cells. Both adhesion molecules were enhanced significantly and strongly upon mast cell activation at various time points. Unstored TNF-α was fully responsible for ICAM-1 upregulation. P-selectin was up-regulated by both preformed and newly synthesized mast cell mediators, but neither histamine nor TNF-α accounted for such an effect. Therefore, a new model is proposed in which the pro-inflammatory effect of mast cells on endothelial cells can be studied in vitro. In this model, it has been demonstrated that only TNF-α accounts for the overexpression of ICAM-1 induced by mast cells, and that mast cells up-regulate P-selectin expression through a histamine-independent mechanism.
- Endothelial cells
- Intercellular adhesion molecule 1
- Mast cells