Mast cell stabilizer ketotifen [4-(1-methyl-4-piperidylidene)-4H-benzo[4,5] cyclohepta[1,2-b]thiophen-10(9H)-one fumarate] prevents mucosal mast cell hyperplasia and intestinal dysmotility in experimental Trichinella spiralis inflammation in the rat

H. Serna, M. Porras, Patri Vergara

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Abstract

Trichinella spiralis infection in rats induces hypermotility and an abnormal response to cholecystokinin (CCK) similar to motor disturbances observed in irritable bowel syndrome. Mast cell hyperplasia is also characteristic of this experimental model. The aim of our study was to correlate mast cell activity with the development of dysmotility and to demonstrate whether the mast cell stabilizer ketotifen [4-(1-methyl-4-piperidylidene)-4H- benzo[4,5]cyclohepta[1,2-b]thiophen-10(9H)-one fumarate] could prevent the development of intestine hypermotility. Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with T. spiralis and, 5 days after infection, treated with the mast-cell stabilizer ketotifen (10 mg/kg/day). Twelve days after infection, intestinal spontaneous motor activity and response to CCK were evaluated by means of strain-gauge transducers. Immunohistochemistry for rat mast cell protease II (RMCPII), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) was performed in intestinal specimens. In addition, RMCPII and myeloperoxidase were determined in serum. Infected control rats showed hypermotility, mast cell hyperplasia, increased RMCPII levels, increased myeloperoxidase, and overexpression of COX-2 and iNOS. In contrast, ketotifen-treated rats showed spontaneous intestinal motility and CCK response similar to the noninfected control rats. Mast cell hyperplasia and RMCPII were reduced in ketotifen-treated rats. Inflammatory parameters were less modified by ketotifen, but those animals that received the longest ketotifen treatment showed a slight amelioration in these parameters. These results indicate that mast cells are implicated in the development of hypermotility. The treatment with ketotifen prevented hypermotility and mast cell hyperplasia and diminished mucosal mast cell activity. Copyright © 2006 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1111
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume319
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2006

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