Martin-Gruber anastomosis revisited

Marc Rodriguez-Niedenführ, Teresa Vazquez, Ian Parkin, Bari Logan, José R. Sañudo

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68 Citations (Scopus)


Based on a study of 70 human cadavers (31 male, 39 female) and on cases described previously, we propose a new classification of the Martin-Gruber anastomosis, a neural connection between the median and ulnar nerves in the forearm. The anastomosis was found in 16 (22.9%) cadavers, being bilateral in three (18.7%) and unilateral in 13 (81.3%), five right and eight left. It occurred in eight (25.8%) of the 31 male cadavers and in eight (20.5%) of the 39 females. Therefore, the anastomosis was found in 19 (13.6%) of the 140 forearms. In Pattern I (89.5%) the anastomosis was made by only one branch, whereas in Pattern II (10.5%) it was made by two. The individual branches were classified as Types a, b, and c based on the nature of their origin from the median nerve. Type a (47.3%) arose from the branch to the superficial forearm flexor muscles, Type b (10.6%) from the common trunk, and Type c (31.6%) from the anterior interosseous nerve. Pattern II was a duplication of Type c (10.5%). The anastomotic branch took an oblique or arched course before joining the ulnar nerve, undivided in 15 cases, but divided into two branches in four cases. The anastomosis passed in front of the ulnar artery in four cases, behind it in six, and in nine cases it was related to the anterior ulnar recurrent artery. © 2002 WP-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
JournalClinical Anatomy
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2002


  • Median nerve
  • Nerve anastomosis
  • Ulnar nerve


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