Marine bioinvasions: Differences in tropical copepod communities between inside and outside a port

Marcelo de Oliveira Soares, Carolina Coelho Campos, Nívia Maria Oliveira Santos, Hortência de Sousa Barroso, Erika Maria Targino Mota, Maria Ozilea Bezerra de Menezes, Sergio Rossi, Tatiane Martins Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The difficulty of detecting non-indigenous species (NIS) in marine environments is an “invisible problem” in areas where plankton monitoring does not occur. In this study, we investigated the dominance of the NIS Temora turbinata and copepod community structure in two tropical marine habitats: inside an offshore port, which had turbid and calm waters, and outside the port, which was more hydrodynamic. Our study area was on the northeast coast of Brazil. We found 17 taxa of Copepoda, which were dominated by T. turbinata and the congener, T. stylifera. The high average density of the NIS (21.03 ind./m3) was in stark contrast with that of the native copepods (0.01–3.27 ind./m3). The NIS density was negatively correlated with the species richness and evenness of the native community, was significantly higher inside the port than outside, and was positively correlated with phytoplankton density. A multivariate analysis revealed that there was a significant difference in copepod community structure between inside and outside the port; outside the port, the community was more diverse, and the native T. stylifera was more abundant. We found that tropical copepod communities inside an offshore port have low diversity, and probably have little biotic resistance against NIS invasions. Our results, combined with those previously obtained, highlight the need to study the spatial distributions of NIS and native species in pelagic environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
JournalJournal of Sea Research
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Invasive species
  • Port
  • Temora stylifera
  • Temora turbinata
  • Tropical ecosystem
  • Zooplankton

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