Map of resources and healthcare needs for patients with dyslipidaemia in Spain: The MADI study

Juan Pedro-Botet, Elisenda Climent, Eva Giralt Martínez, Juana A. Flores-Le Roux

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Abstract

© 2016 Sociedad Española de Arteriosclerosis Introduction Dyslipidaemia is a major modifiable determining factor of vascular risk and, despite this, a significant number of patients do not achieve lipid goals. The aim of this study is to describe the resources and current needs in clinical practice in Spain, through an analysis of management, organisation and the patient care circuit of dyslipidaemia patient. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional, multicentre study, using a questionnaire, was conducted on physicians, 266 in primary care (PC) and 258 in specialised care (SC), who attended patients with dyslipidaemia in hospitals and centres within the National Health System. Probabilistic analyses were performed, stratifying by care-level, existence of a lipid unit (LU), and geographic area. Results Observed differences were mostly due to geographic location, rather than the existence of LU in the referral hospitals. Most system deficiencies were found in the southern provinces of the country. Nearly all primary care physicians declared that they diagnose, manage and control dyslipidaemia patients, but a general agreement was lacking for diagnostic and referral criteria. The scarce use of a shared protocol between PC and SC showed evidence of poor coordination between health care providers. Furthermore, there was a remarkably low proportion of patients receiving health care education for their disease. Conclusions This study emphasises the need to identify weaknesses in the dyslipidaemia patient care circuit, and to perform the appropriate remedial actions, in particular, to promote coordination between levels of care and to foster patient education about their disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-264
JournalClinica e Investigacion en Arteriosclerosis
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Care circuit
  • Dyslipidaemia
  • Health care levels
  • Lipid unit
  • Primary health care
  • Specialised care

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    Pedro-Botet, J., Climent, E., Giralt Martínez, E., & Flores-Le Roux, J. A. (2016). Map of resources and healthcare needs for patients with dyslipidaemia in Spain: The MADI study. Clinica e Investigacion en Arteriosclerosis, 28(6), 257-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arteri.2016.06.005