Manner and result modifiers. The v ben v construction in Catalan

M.Teresa Espinal*, Jaume Mateu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes the ingredients of a Romance construction, henceforth named the V ben V construction, consisting of a verb and its theme object in combination with a degree adverb ben '{well, really}' followed by a verb in past participle or an adjectival form. It describes the properties and restrictions of the various constituents involved in this construction, and it presents a new analysis focusing on the properties of the main predicate, the theme object, the degree adverb ben and the degree phrase ben+VPP/A. It accounts for the potential manner and result readings of the adjunct constituent that ben introduces (i) by postulating that the ben+VPP/A modifier always predicates of the (sub)event expressed by the verb (an activity or a change of state), (ii) by associating manner with a do verbal layer, and result with a become verbal layer, and (iii) by identifying different aspectual structures in the complement position of the degree adverb.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
JournalLinguistic Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2018


  • Catalan
  • ben+V /A modifier PP
  • manner modifiers
  • result modifiers
  • verbal layers


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