Making Europe from Below: Intra EU-Migration and Mobilities Connecting the Margins

Ignacio Fradejas Garcia, JL Molina, Miranda Jessica Lubbers

Research output: Chapter in BookChapterResearchpeer-review


This chapter critically analyses the effects that emergent horizontal and peripheral intra-EU migratory mobilities have in the making of Europe from below at its internal margins. The case study draws on the migrant labourers of the so-called ‘farm of Europe,’ a vast agro-industrial district in the South of Spain. This marginal area exhibits the unequal and racialized contradictions of the EU regimes of mobility that separate insiders from outsiders. African migrants in irregular situations are exploited, segregated and menaced by deportation while targeted by racist discourses. This contrasts with the situation of Romanian migrants – White, Christian, EU citizens – who have come to occupy specific economic and labour niches and have created a demographic enclave in the area that is connected with their place of origin in Romania through a migration corridor and transnational social fields. The results show that everyday social relations connect and territorialize European margins, previously unrelated, and reveal how Europe is practised by those marginal European citizens that, far from the European centres and EU institutions, are benefiting from the political and economic advantages of the European integration from which they have traditionally been excluded.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCreating Europe from the Margins
Subtitle of host publicationMobilities and Racism in Postcolonial Europe
EditorsKristín Loftsdóttir, Brigitte Hipfl, Sandra Ponzanesi
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781003269748
ISBN (Print)978-1-032-20979-1, 978-1-032-21723-9
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2023


  • labour migration
  • mobility
  • demographic enclave
  • transnational social field
  • migration corridor
  • intra-EU migration
  • Romanians


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