Main Trunk of the Left Coronary Artery: Anatomic Study of the Parameters of Clinical Interest

J. Reig, M. Petit

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze in one single series all the characteristics of the main trunk of the left coronary artery (MT) that may be of use in the diagnosis and treatment of its pathologies. One-hundred human hearts from autopsies were used. The average age of the sample studied was 63. 15 years ± 18.76 (range = 17-94 years). The heart was removed after resection of the costosternum and placed in 10% formaldehyde. With gradual separation and retraction of the myocardial fasciculi the MT was exposed. The length of the MT, the luminal diameter of the MT at its midpoint, and the luminal diameter of the left coronary orifice were measured with a caliper. The angle of division between the anterior interventricular and circumflex branches was also measured, and the number of terminal branches originating from the MT was recorded. In four cases, there was no MT and the anterior interventricular and circumflex branches originated directly from the left aortic sinus. The average length of the MT was 10.8 ± 5.52 mm (range = 2-23 mm); the average diameter at its midpoint was 4.86 ± 0.80 mm; and there was no significant difference noted between the midpoint diameter of the MT and the diameter of the left coronary orifice. The most frequent type of division of the MT was bifurcation (62%); in 38% of cases the MT divided into three or more branches. An average value of 86.7 ± 28.8° was obtained for the angle of division of the terminal branches of the MT (range = 40-165°). There was a positive correlation between the length of the MT and the angle of division of its terminal branches, with the longest MTs having the largest angle of division. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-13
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Coronary arteries
  • Left coronary artery
  • Left main trunk

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