Magnon-drag thermopile

Marius V. Costache, German Bridoux, Ingmar Neumann, Sergio O. Valenzuela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermoelectric effects in spintronics are gathering increasing attention as a means of managing heat in nanoscale structures and of controlling spin information by using heat flow. Thermal magnons (spin-wave quanta) are expected to play a major role; however, little is known about the underlying physical mechanisms involved. The reason is the lack of information about magnon interactions and of reliable methods to obtain it, in particular for electrical conductors because of the intricate influence of electrons. Here, we demonstrate a conceptually new device that enables us to gather information on magnon-electron scattering and magnon-drag effects. The device resembles a thermopile formed by a large number of pairs of ferromagnetic wires placed between a hot and a cold source and connected thermally in parallel and electrically in series. By controlling the relative orientation of the magnetization in pairs of wires, the magnon drag can be studied independently of the electron and phonon-drag thermoelectric effects. Measurements as a function of temperature reveal the effect on magnon drag following a variation of magnon and phonon populations. This information is crucial to understand the physics of electron-magnon interactions, magnon dynamics and thermal spin transport. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-202
JournalNature Materials
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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