Object. Hemangiopericytomas are a rare type of brain tumor that are very similar to meningiomas in appearance and symptoms but require different treatment. It is not normally possible to distinguish between them by using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computerized tomography studies. However, discrimination may be possible by using in vivo MR spectroscopy (MRS) because the biochemical composition of these two lesions is different. The goal of this study was to describe the use of MRS in discriminating between these similar tumor types. Methods. In vivo MRS spectra were acquired in 27 patients (three with hemangiopericytomas and 24 with meningiomas) by using a single-voxel proton brain examination system at 1.5 teslas with short- (20-msec) and long- (135-msec) echo times. In addition, brain biopsy specimens obtained by open craniotomy were frozen within 5 minutes of resection and stored in liquid nitrogen until they were used. The specimens were powdered, extracted with perchloric acid, redissolved in 2H2O, and high-resolution in vitro MRS was used at 9.4 teslas to record their spectra. Conclusions. In this study the authors show that hemangiopericytomas could be clearly distinguished from meningiomas because they have a larger peak at 3.56 ppm. Measurements of extracts of the tumors and comparison of spectra acquired with MRS at long- (135-msec) and short- (20-msec) echo times established that this was due to the much higher levels of myoinositol in the hemangiopericytomas.
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy