Magnetic nanoparticles modified with carbon nanotubes for electrocatalytic magnetoswitchable biosensing applications

Briza Pérez-Lõpez, Arben Merkoçi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel biosensor based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) functionalized with tyrosinase in an operational synergy with a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) network is developed. An on-off external magnetic field is applied to a screen-printed electrode (SPE), which is used as a transducing platform. This enables an interesting on-demand biosensing performance. The effect of each component on the response of the developed device is carefully evaluated; particularly interesting results are presented for the contributions of MNPs and carbon nanotubes. A tyrosinase-based model biosensing approach is used, while a potential of -0.15 V versus Ag/AgCl for the electrochemical reduction of the enzyme products (quinone forms) onto the magnetoswitchable SPE/MNP/Tyr/MWCNT system is applied. The response of the biosensor to catechol is also evaluated; a limit of detection (signal to noise ratio (S/N) = 3) for catechol is found to be around 7.61 μM (S/N = 3) with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 4.91% (n = 3). The developed device could open the door to a wide range of novel electrocatalytic and bioelectrocatalytic applications of magnetocontrolled redox enzymes. Furthermore, it could be used in miniaturized and portable biosensing systems, such as lab-on-a-chip devices, in medical and environmental applications that have a restricted quantity of sample. Further applications could be envisaged for many other fields, such as external control of catalytic transformations in bioreactors, tailoring of reversible amperometric immunosensors, regeneration of enzyme-biosensor electrodes, and external triggering of biofuel cells. An on-off electro-switchable biosensor controlled by an external magnetic field has been developed. Based on screen-printed electrodes, the biosensor has been modified with tyrosinase-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. Operating in synergy with a multiwalled carbon-nanotube network, the biosensor opens the door to a wide range of novel bioelectrocatalytic applications of magnetocontrolled redox enzymes. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-260
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • biosensors
  • carbon nanotubes
  • magnetoswitchable materials
  • screen-printed electrodes
  • tyrosinase

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