Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 is associated with proliferation and invasiveness in Her-2/neu and triple-negative breast carcinomas

Lluis Catasus, Alberto Gallardo, Vicenta Llorente-Cortes, Daniel Escuin, Josefina Muñoz, Ariadna Tibau, Gloria Peiro, Agusti Barnadas, Enrique Lerma

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1, a member of the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol receptor family, has been implicated in the progression of certain tumors; but it remains unclear whether it plays a role in infiltrating ductal breast carcinomas. We studied a series of 81 ductal breast tumors to determine the correlation of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 overexpression with clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical characteristics associated with prognosis. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 overexpression was identified in 14% (11/81) of tumors and was correlated with a high nuclear grade (P =.043), high mitotic index (P =.006), and Ki-67 greater than 20% (P =.047). Furthermore, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 expression was associated with aggressive carcinomas (triple-negative tumors [21%, 7/33] and Her-2/neu tumors [17%, 4/24]) but not with hormone-dependent carcinomas (0%, 0/24) (P =.040). There was no correlation between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 expression and survival, but a trend was found between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 overexpression and tumor recurrence. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 overexpression was related to proliferation and invasiveness in Her-2/neu and triple-negative breast carcinoma. Moreover, patients with low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1-positive tumors had higher cholesterol levels (62.5%, 5/8) than those with low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1-negative tumors (40%, 19/47). Nevertheless, the correlation between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 and hypercholesterolemia was not statistically significant; but cholesterol levels were higher in patients with triple-negative breast carcinoma (60%, 15/25) and Her-2/neu carcinomas (40%, 6/15) than in luminal-A carcinomas (20%, 3/15) (P =.046). These findings suggest a relationship between hypercholesterolemia and aggressiveness of ductal breast carcinomas. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1581-1588
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Breast carcinoma
  • Cholesterol levels
  • Her-2/neu
  • Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1
  • Triple negative

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